Rail Transport? Advantages and Limitations?



Introduction: -Rail services in India, first introduced in 1853, are provided by the state-run Indian Railways, under the supervision of the Ministry of Railways, Indian Railways provides an important mode of transport in India, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tons of freight daily across one of the largest and busiest rail network in the world. Transportation of goods and passengers on rail lines through trains is called rail transport. Rail transport occupies an important place in land transport system of our country and is the most dependable mode of transport to carry goods and passengers over a long distance safely.
The Mumbai Suburban Railway is the first rail system in India which began services in Mumbai in 1867. Transports 6.3 million passengers daily and has the highest passenger density in the world.

MONORAIL:- Monorail in India are generally considered as feeder system for the Metro. The Mumbai Monorail will be the first monorail in India. The first modern rapid transit in India was the Kolkata Metro, with operations started in 1984. Chennai MRTS in 1997 Delhi Metro in 2002. The Namma Metro in Bangalore in 2012. Currently, rapid systems have been deployed in these cities and more are under construction or in planning in several major cities of India.

Proposals have been made to introduce high-speed rail in India. A proposal has been made to build a Maglev track within the city of Mumbai, connecting it to the national Capital of New Delhi, as well as other parts of Maharashtra in the form of Mumbai Maglev.

Advantages of Rail Transport: -Rail transport has the following advantages

1.       It is a convenient mode of transport for travelling long distance.

2.       It is comparatively faster than road transport.

3.       It is suitable for carrying heavy goods in large quantities for long distances.

4.       Its operation is less affected by adverse weather conditions like rain, floods, fog, etc.

5.       It ensures safety and security of goods. Even costly and delicate goods can be sent by Rail.

Limitation of Rail Transport: -Rail transport has the following limitations.

1.       It is relatively expensive for carrying goods and passengers over short distances.

2.       It is not available in remote parts of the country.

3.       It provides services according to fixed time schedule and is not flexible for loading or unloading of goods at any place.

4.       It involves heavy losses of life as well as goods in case of accident.


5.       It does not provide door to door services. It does not reach remote areas.