Features/Nature of Co-ordination?

                                                 

Meaning: -Co-ordination is an integration of different activities that are essential for the Working of an organization.  There is a need or co-ordination at all levels. The top management has to coordinate the plans of the middle level managers or the departmental managers. The middle level managers are responsible to coordinate the activities of the lower level managers. The lower level managers are responsible to coordinate the activities to their subordinates.
Definition: - “Co-ordination is orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit (chase) of common goal”.”
Nature and characteristics of Co-ordination are as follows:
1.       Team work: -Co-ordination is a group effort and not individual effort. An individual working in isolation does not affect functioning of others and no need of co-ordination arises. To achieve the common objectives, all have to work in a team and this is possible through co-ordination.

2.       Continuous Activity: - Coordination is a continuous process. As long as the organization exists, there would be activities. Therefore, there is a need to coordinate the activities of the organization on the part of the management

3.       Dynamic process: - In every organization, co-ordination plays an important role in success of any business. One cannot copy earlier decisions or efforts in coordinating the activities of the subordinates. Coordinating the activities involves lot of challenges, especially in the case of complex activities and in the case of sensitive matter.

4.       Integration: -Co-ordination itself relates to group effort but not to an individual. There is always a need of integrated efforts from all the employees to perform various functions in an organization. Integrated efforts lead towards the success of an organization.

5.       Essence of management: - Coordination is the essence of management. There is a need for Coordination in every function of management. For instance, there is a need for Coordination in planning. The top management has to coordinate the plans of the middle level managers or the departmental managers.

6.       Pervasive function: - Coordination is required at all the levels of management and in al the departments of an organization. The nature of co-ordination is such that it is applicable to all from the superior at the top level to the subordinates at the lower level.

7.       Synchronization of efforts: - Coordination is required, when there is group activity. Coordination is not required in the case of individual activity. If an individual person carries on the work, then there is no question of coordinating the activities. Coordination arises only when there is group activity.

8.       Responsibility: - Coordination is the basic responsibility of the managers at all the levels. The top-level managers are responsible to coordinate the activities of the middle level managers. The middle level managers are responsible to coordinate the activities of the lower level managers. The lower level managers are responsible to coordinate the activities to their subordinates.


9.       Coordination is different from co-operation: - Coordination and cooperation are not one and the same. Cooperation involves willingness on the part of people to help one another. However, Coordination is the function of managers, whereby they try to interlink the activities of their subordinates. Coordination is broader in scope than cooperation.