SSC BOARD PAPERS IMPORTANT TOPICS COVERED FOR BOARD EXAM 2024

### Circle

What a circle is, along with its key properties:

Definition

• A circle is a perfectly round, two-dimensional shape where all points on its boundary (called the circumference) are the same distance away from a single center point.

Key Properties of a Circle

• Radius (r): The distance from the center of the circle to any point on the circumference.
• Diameter (d): A straight line passing through the center of the circle and connecting two points on the circumference. The diameter is twice the length of the radius (d = 2r).
• Circumference (C): The distance around the edge of the circle. It can be calculated using the formula C = 2πr or C = πd (where π is pi, approximately 3.14159).
• Area (A): The amount of space enclosed within the circle. It can be calculated using the formula A = πr².
• No Corners or Edges: A circle is a smooth, curved shape with no straight edges or vertices.
• Infinite Symmetry: A circle can be rotated around its center by any angle and still look the same. It also has reflectional symmetry across any diameter.

Real-World Examples of Circles

• Wheels
• Coins
• Pizza
• The full moon
• Clock faces
• Rings

Importance in Math and Science

Circles are fundamental shapes used extensively in:

• Geometry: Studying angles, shapes, areas, and volumes.
• Trigonometry: Defining sine, cosine, and other trigonometric functions.
• Physics: Describing circular motion, orbits, and waves.
• Engineering and Design: Creating wheels, gears, arches, and countless other objects.

Here are some relevant keywords for the answers about circles, divided into categories for clarity:

General Circle Keywords

• Circle
• Geometry
• Shape
• Round
• Two-dimensional (2D)

Key Components

• Center
• Diameter
• Circumference
• Area
• Pi (π)

Properties

• Curve
• Smooth
• Symmetry
• Rotation
• Reflection

Applications

• Math
• Trigonometry
• Physics
• Engineering
• Design

• Sector
• Arc
• Chord
• Tangent