Read the following poem and answer the questions given below : (5 Marks)

B.1. State whether the following statements are true or false. [2]

(i) The poet salutes our freedom.
(ii) The poet wishes to learn to bear the lamp of peace.
(iii) The poet says that the rulers' hands are stained with blood.
(iv) The crass enemies of truth wear the grinning mask of progress.

Let us salute Republic Day - let us salute its rising sun,
And let us greet our Motherland and bow before her feet and say
Mother! your millions meet and swear on this, our proud Republic Day,
That we shall sink all differences and see all bickering is done -
We shall arise to dream like one, to toil like one, to build like one.
O Mother! teach our hands to bear
The lamp of peace your hands have borne
Through centuries of stress and strife.
May your chaste image make us dare
To bare the mark which Time has worn,
Black mask of death to frighten life!
The grinning mask of death and doom worn by crass enemies of
truth.
Who have raised gardens for themselves over the grave of martyred
youth,
Over the graveyards of the world have planted, with loud boast and
brag.
With insolent, relentless hands, their base, unblushing bloodstained
flag.
Republic Day of India! Your dawning shall begin to mark
New harbour lights for troubled ships about to flounder in the dark,
The dark which tyranny has wrought across all earth and sea and
sky,
Who claps his callous hands in glee and laughs to see the millions
die…

B.2. How does the poet want us to show respect to our motherland ? [2]

B.3. Give one example of Transferred Epithet and give the explanation. [1]

Answers:

B.1. (i) False (ii) True
(iii) False (iv) False

B.2. The poet wants us to greet our Motherland, to bow before her feet, to promise to sink all our differences and do away with petty fights.

B.3. Who claps his callous hands in glee and laughs to see the millions die… (The adjective 'callous' has been transferred from 'the enemy to hands'.)

Mother! your millions meet and swear on this, our proud Republic Day (The adjective proud has been transferred from 'people to Rublic
Day'.)

(Write ANY ONE)