Organisation and Functions

The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
The Central Office of the Reserve Bank was initially established in Calcutta but was permanently moved to Mumbai in 1937. The Central Office is where the Governor sits and where policies are formulated.
Though originally privately owned, since nationalisation in 1949, the Reserve Bank is fully owned by the Government of India.
Current Focus
  • supervision of financial institutions
  • consolidated accounting
  • legal issues in bank frauds
  • divergence in assessments of non-performing assets and
  • supervisory rating model for banks.
Monetary Authority:
  • Formulates, implements and monitors the monetary policy.
  • Objective: maintaining price stability and ensuring adequate flow of credit to productive sectors.
Regulator and supervisor of the financial system:
  • Prescribes broad parameters of banking operations within which the country''s banking and financial system functions.
  • Objective: maintain public confidence in the system, protect depositors'' interest and provide cost-effective banking services to the public.
  • Regulator and supervisor of the payment systems
    • Authorises setting up of payment systems
    • Lays down standards for operation of the payment system
    • Issues direction, calls for returns/information from payment system operators.
Manager of Foreign Exchange
  • Manages the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.
  • Objective: to facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India.
Issuer of currency:
  • Issues and exchanges or destroys currency and coins not fit for circulation.
  • Objective: to give the public adequate quantity of supplies of currency notes and coins and in good quality.
Developmental role
  • Performs a wide range of promotional functions to support national objectives.
Related Functions
  • Banker to the Government: performs merchant banking function for the central and the state governments; also acts as their banker.
  • Banker to banks: maintains banking accounts of all scheduled banks.
Financial Supervision
The Reserve Bank of India performs this function under the guidance of the Board for Financial Supervision (BFS). The Board was constituted in November 1994 as a committee of the Central Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank of Indi