Singular, Plural, and Possessive Nouns

The word noun means a person, place, or thing. 
A common noun is a general word.
A proper noun is a name.


Person
Place
Thing
Common
Noun
woman
city
car
manager
supermarket
soup



Proper
Noun
Diane
Avondale
Porsche
Mr. Smith
Food City
Campbell’s Soup






Common nouns can be singular or plural
To make most nouns plural, an “s” is added.  These are regular plural forms. 
Some common nouns have irregular plural forms.  These do not end in “s”. 

Singular
Plural
Irregular Plural
car
cars

manager
managers

city
cities*

knife
knives**

dish
dishes***




woman

women
child

children
person

people
mouse

mice

You sometimes need to change the spelling when you add “s”. 
*If a word ends in a consonant and “y”, change the “y” to “ie”, then add “s”
**If a word ends in “f” or “fe”, change the “f” to “v”.
***If a word ends in “sh”, “ch”, “x”, or “s”, add “es”


Note:  Some common nouns are considered uncountable, and they are rarely used in the plural form.  This group includes words such as water, sugar, and air.